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Country Project Fiji


Fiji seeks to improve organic waste management in communities that do not receive waste collection services. The project will assess the existing composting programme in the country and design a suite of suitable village-based composting programmes for implementation in targeted communities. The project aims to facilitate community consultation, establish an organics management system to effectively collect and compost organic wastes generated. PacWastePlus is partnering with the GEF ISLANDS project to introduce Waste Management Action Plans in participating communities.

Project Description

Current Situation
60% of Fiji’s waste stream is organic material. Organics dumped into landfills generates leachate and methane gas, impacting the environment. Whilst organic materials composted and placed back on soils assist with moisture retention, organic growth, and is, therefore, a valuable input into agricultural pursuits.

What is the Fiji Project About?
Introduction of proper waste management to villages and informal settlements in partnership with GEF ISLAND through the following:
• Scoping Study to assess existing composting programmes and design of a suitable composting programme in targeted communities.
• Determine the community’s willingness to pay for garbage collection services.
• Introduce a suitable composting programme in targeted communities to support agricultural activities supported by education and awareness activities.

Future Situation
All organic wastes generated are diverted to organic waste processing systems, thereby eliminating land and water contamination from dumping, landfilling, and burning. The compost is then used back on land to improve crops and retain quality soils.

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Frequently Asked Questions

  • By 2023, have created an effective sustainable partnership between government and targeted communities to effectively minimise wastes through the implementation of the Waste Hierarchy concept.
  • By 2023, have established suitable waste management systems in targeted communities to support local recycling industries and the agriculture sector.
  • By 2023, have all targeted communities effectively participating in the waste minimisation projects.
  • 60% of Fiji’s waste stream are made up of organic materials
  • Organics are currently landfilled, taking up critical landfill space. Landfill construction is expensive.
  • Organics generate leachate and methane gas as bi-product of the decomposition process.
  • No waste segregation practiced in targeted communities
  • Inconsistency garbage collection services provided.
  • All Organic waste generated at targeted communities is composted effectively, thereby eliminating land and water contamination.
  • All communities are participating in the waste management programmes through waste segregation activities
  • Improved soil quality (through the use of processed organics) increases the yield of crops for farmers, producing for both subsistence and commercial.