Federated States of Micronesia
Improving Organic Waste Management in Chuuk and Yap
Improving Organic Waste Management in Chuuk and Yap
The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) country project is designed to divert organic wastes from landfill in Chuuk and Yap by introducing composting programmes for communities currently without garbage collection services. The project will facilitate consultation with relevant stakeholders and local communities to identify and implement suitable organic processing programmes.
64% of the FSM’s waste to landfill is organic material. Organics dumped in landfills generate leachate and methane gas, impacting the environment. Whilst organic materials composted and placed back on soils assist with moisture retention, organic growth, and is, therefore, a valuable input into agricultural pursuits.
What is the FSM Project About?
Introduction of composting programmes in Chuuk and Yap to accept and process all organic waste generated in local communities through the following:
- Undertake a feasibility study to design a suitable composting programme
- Implementation of composting programmes for targeted communities to support agricultural activities.
- Construction of a composting facility in Chuuk to process all organic waste collected
- Establishment of a partnership with the Ministry of Agriculture, Women’s Council, and local institutions to ensure the sustainability of the composting programme.
All organic wastes generated are diverted to organic waste processing systems, thereby eliminating land and water contamination from dumping, landfilling, and burning. The compost is then used back on land to improve crops and retain quality soils.
Latest news & updates
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FSM Waste Audit Report
The Waste Audit Report for the Federated States of Micronesia has completed the peer review process by Donor Partners and validation by Country stakeholders. The FSM Waste Audit report provides a snapshot of waste audit generation and composition across the business and household waste streams for the four states of...
Improving Organic Waste Management In Chuuk And Yap States
8 October 2021, Pohnpei, FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA: The recent national waste audit of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) found that almost 22% of waste being sent to landfills was organic, food waste and vegetation. With this knowledge, the Environmental Protection Agencies (EPAs) in Chuuk and Yap states...
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Asbestos Management Brief: FSM
The PacWastePlus Regional Asbestos Project will support countries in executing solutions, both legislative and policy-driven, to prevent exposure to asbestos fibre, and thereby reduce asbestos-related diseases. This document provides guidance for FSM to progress work on the development and implementation of a National ACM ban with this resource providing background information, identifying policy and legislative options available.
FSM Project Profile – Improving Organic Waste Management in Chuuk and Yap
A recent audit for the states of Chuuk and Yap identified more than 20% of the wastes landfilled is organic waste. This is mainly due to the absence of a designated programme (collection services and processing station) and community awareness to effectively manage organic waste in the two states. Landfilling of organic waste is a concern in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) as in most Pacific countries, as it takes up critical landfill space. Decomposition of organics in an anaerobic environment like landfills also generates leachate and methane. FSM seeks to focus their PacWastePlus country investment to divert all organic waste away from landfills. The project will pilot organic waste management, in the states of Chuuk and Yap, with learnings used to develop community awareness resources to assist other states in FSM, to replicate similar programmes to divert organic wastes from landfills.
PacWastePlus Project Snapshot – Federated States of Micronesia
Each state has a public landfill for disposal of all waste and the operation of these disposal facilities is either done by the Department of Public Works and Transport of the municipal governments. Waste collection service varies from state to state and can be irregular. Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap have a Container Deposit System for the collection of PET bottles and aluminum cans.
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Frequently Asked Questions
- By 2023, have created an effective sustainable partnership between industry, government, market vendors, and urban communities to effectively divert all organic wastes from landfill to a suitable organic waste processing system.
- By 2023, have established a suitable organic waste processing system at the public landfill to accept and process all organic wastes produced at the produce markets and urban communities within Weno and Colonia.
- By 2023, have all roadside market vendors and urban communities effectively participating in the organic waste management project.
- 64% of waste stream are made up of organic materials
- Organics are currently landfilled, taking up critical landfill space.
- Organics generate leachate and methane gas, impacting on the environment.
- No waste segregation practiced in targeted communities
- All organic waste generated are diverted to organic waste processing systems, thereby eliminating land and water contamination from dumping, landfilling and burning.
- All urban communities and roadside markets support the organic waste processing system by diverting 100% of waste materials to this facility.
- Improved soil quality (through use of processed organics) increases yield of crops for farmers, producing for both subsistence and commercial.